Define a standard API for Base64 encoding and decoding.
Base64 encoding schemes are frequently used to encode binary/octet sequences that are transmitted as textual data. It is commonly used by applications using Multipurpose Internal Mail Extensions (MIME), encoding passwords for HTTP headers, message digests, etc.
The JDK is long overdue a standard API for Base64 encoding and decoding. It has
been frequently requested by developers for many years, many resorting to using
JDK private and unsupported classes such as
The JDK itself has several internal implementations:
com.sun.net.httpserver.Base64 to name a few. A standard API would allow these
sorts of implementations to be retired.
Define a simple API, probably in
java.util, for Base64 encoding and decoding.
The API must clearly specify the Base64 encoding scheme that is implements, probably the Base64 Content-Transfer-Encoding specified by RFC 1521.
The API should support common cases, such as encoding binary data in a byte
array or read from an input stream, and decoding strings to a byte array or
Existing usages and implementations of Base64 in the JDK should be examined for opportunities to replace and use the new API.
This API will require new unit tests that will be developed along with the implementation. New functional tests would be useful too.
- TCK: New tests will be required.