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  1. JDK
  2. JDK-8046565

JEP 264: Platform Logging API and Service



    • Author:
      Daniel Fuchs
    • JEP Type:
    • Exposure:
    • Subcomponent:
    • Scope:
    • Discussion:
      core dash libs dash dev at openjdk dot java dot net
    • Effort:
    • Duration:
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    • JEP Number:



      Define a minimal logging API which platform classes can use to log messages, together with a service interface for consumers of those messages. A library or application can provide an implementation of this service in order to route platform log messages to the logging framework of its choice. If no implementation is provided then a default implementation based upon the java.util.logging API is used.


      • Defined and used in the java.base module, hence it cannot depend upon the java.util.logging API.

      • Be easily adoptable by applications which use external logging framework, such as SLF4J or Log4J.

      • Reduce dependences on the java.logging module in order to simplify the JDK module graph.

      • Deals with bootstrap issues, so that platform classes can log messages before the log consumer is initialized.

      • By default, log messages via the java.util.logging API when the java.logging module is present.


      • It is not a goal to define a general-purpose interface for logging. The service interface contains only the minimal set of methods that the JDK needs for its own usage.

      • It is not a goal to support programmatic logging configuration (setting levels, destination files, etc...) via the API.

      • It is not a goal to convert all classes in the JDK to log via this new API.


      Compared to the java.util.logging API, most modern logging frameworks (e.g., Log4J 2.0, Logback) are separated into a facade and an implementation. An application that logs through such an external framework should create loggers and perform logging through the facade provided, or supported, by that framework.

      The proposed service enables applications to configure the JDK to use the same logging framework as the application: It would only need to provide an implementation of the service that returns platform loggers that wrap the loggers of the preferred logging framework.

      The application would continue to use the facade provided by the logging framework it is using. The LoggerFinder service makes it possible to configure the JDK to use that same framework.


      Using the java.util.ServiceLoader API, a system-wide LoggerFinder implementation is located and loaded using the system class loader. If no concrete implementation is found, the JDK internal default implementation of the LoggerFinder service is used. The default implementation of the service uses java.util.logging as a backend when the java.logging module is present so that, by default, log messages are routed to java.util.logging.Logger as before. However, the LoggerFinder service makes it possible for an application/framework to plug in its own external logging backend, without needing to configure both java.util.logging and that backend.

      An implementation of the LoggerFinder service should make it possible to distinguish system loggers (used by system classes from the Bootstrap Class Loader (BCL)) and application loggers (created by an application for its own usage). This distinction is important for platform security. The creator of a logger can pass the class or module for which the logger is created to the LoggerFinder so that the LoggerFinder can figure out which kind of logger to return.

      Classes in the JDK obtain loggers created from the LoggerFinder by invoking factory methods of the System class:

      package java.lang;
      public class System {
          System.Logger getLogger(String name) { ... }
          System.Logger getLogger(String name, ResourceBundle bundle) { ... }

      The JDK-internal sun.util.logging.PlatformLogger API will be revised to emit log messages via the system loggers returned by these methods.


      New tests will be added to test both the LoggerFinder service and the mapping to the default java.util.logging backend. We will also need to verify that plugging in an existing external framework is working, especially with respect to potential bootstrap issues.

      Risks and Assumptions

      When java.util.logging is the backend, JDK classes that have been converted to use the system loggers should still be configurable via java.util.logging as before and, if possible, log messages and levels should not be altered.

      Some Java SE APIs currently expose java.util.logging types in their public signatures. This may be an obstacle in converting those APIs to log via the system loggers.


          Issue Links



              dfuchs Daniel Fuchs
              dfuchs Daniel Fuchs
              Daniel Fuchs Daniel Fuchs
              Reviewed By:
              Alan Bateman, Brian Goetz, Mandy Chung
              Endorsed By:
              Brian Goetz
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