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  1. JDK
  2. JDK-8048556

Unnecessary GCLocker-initiated young GCs

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    • Subcomponent:
      gc

      Description

      We are seeing very strange behavior in some GC logs (and sometimes said strange behavior happens quite frequently). The common pattern is that a GC locker-initiated young GC happens immediately after another young GC. The GC locker-initiated one seems completely unnecessary given that the eden is either empty or has very low occupancy (<10%).

      Here's an example of this (with ParNew):

      {Heap before GC invocations=2 (full 0):
       par new generation total 471872K, used 433003K [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000)
        eden space 419456K, 100% used [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d47a0000)
        from space 52416K, 25% used [0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d54dacb0, 0x00000007d7ad0000)
        to space 52416K, 0% used [0x00000007d7ad0000, 0x00000007d7ad0000, 0x00000007dae00000)
       tenured generation total 524288K, used 0K [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fae00000)
         the space 524288K, 0% used [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00200, 0x00000007fae00000)
       compacting perm gen total 21248K, used 2549K [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fc2c0000, 0x0000000800000000)
         the space 21248K, 12% used [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fb07d7a0, 0x00000007fb07d800, 0x00000007fc2c0000)
      No shared spaces configured.
      1.119: [GC (Allocation Failure)[ParNew: 433003K->15843K(471872K), 0.0103090 secs] 433003K->15843K(996160K), 0.0103320 secs] [Times: user=0.03 sys=0.00, real=0.01 secs]
      Heap after GC invocations=3 (full 0):
       par new generation total 471872K, used 15843K [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000)
        eden space 419456K, 0% used [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007d47a0000)
        from space 52416K, 30% used [0x00000007d7ad0000, 0x00000007d8a48c88, 0x00000007dae00000)
        to space 52416K, 0% used [0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d7ad0000)
       tenured generation total 524288K, used 0K [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fae00000)
         the space 524288K, 0% used [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00200, 0x00000007fae00000)
       compacting perm gen total 21248K, used 2549K [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fc2c0000, 0x0000000800000000)
         the space 21248K, 12% used [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fb07d7a0, 0x00000007fb07d800, 0x00000007fc2c0000)
      No shared spaces configured.
      }
      {Heap before GC invocations=3 (full 0):
       par new generation total 471872K, used 24002K [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000)
        eden space 419456K, 1% used [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007bb5f7c50, 0x00000007d47a0000)
        from space 52416K, 30% used [0x00000007d7ad0000, 0x00000007d8a48c88, 0x00000007dae00000)
        to space 52416K, 0% used [0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d7ad0000)
       tenured generation total 524288K, used 0K [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fae00000)
         the space 524288K, 0% used [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00200, 0x00000007fae00000)
       compacting perm gen total 21248K, used 2549K [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fc2c0000, 0x0000000800000000)
         the space 21248K, 12% used [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fb07d7a0, 0x00000007fb07d800, 0x00000007fc2c0000)
      No shared spaces configured.
      1.130: [GC (GCLocker Initiated GC)[ParNew: 24002K->12748K(471872K), 0.0123930 secs] 24002K->12748K(996160K), 0.0124130 secs] [Times: user=0.04 sys=0.01, real=0.01 secs]
      Heap after GC invocations=4 (full 0):
       par new generation total 471872K, used 12748K [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000)
        eden space 419456K, 0% used [0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007bae00000, 0x00000007d47a0000)
        from space 52416K, 24% used [0x00000007d47a0000, 0x00000007d5413320, 0x00000007d7ad0000)
        to space 52416K, 0% used [0x00000007d7ad0000, 0x00000007d7ad0000, 0x00000007dae00000)
       tenured generation total 524288K, used 0K [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fae00000)
         the space 524288K, 0% used [0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00000, 0x00000007dae00200, 0x00000007fae00000)
       compacting perm gen total 21248K, used 2549K [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fc2c0000, 0x0000000800000000)
         the space 21248K, 12% used [0x00000007fae00000, 0x00000007fb07d7a0, 0x00000007fb07d800, 0x00000007fc2c0000)
      No shared spaces configured.
      }

      Notice that:

      * The timestamp of the second GC (1.130) is almost equal to the timestamp of the first GC plus the duration of the first GC (1.119 + 0.0103320 = 1.1293). In this test young GCs normally happen at a frequency of one every 100ms-110ms or so.
      * The eden at the start of the second GC is almost empty (1% occupancy). We've also seen it very often with a completely empty eden.
      * (the big hint) The second GC is GClocker-initiated.

      This happens most often with ParNew (in some cases, more than 30% of the GCs are those unnecessary ones) but also happens with ParallelGC too but less frequently (maybe 1%-1.5% of the GCs are those unnecessary ones). I was unable to reproduce it with G1.

      I can reproduce it with with latest JDK 7, JDK 8, and also the latest hotspot-gc/hotspot workspace. I haven't tried with JDK 6.

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              • Assignee:
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                Reporter:
                tonyp Tony Printezis
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