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  1. JDK
  2. JDK-8223957

Improve the behavior of Max RAM settings and UseCompressedOops


    • Type: CSR
    • Status: Closed
    • Priority: P3
    • Resolution: Approved
    • Fix Version/s: 13
    • Component/s: hotspot
    • Labels:
    • Subcomponent:
    • Compatibility Kind:
    • Compatibility Risk:
    • Compatibility Risk Description:
      Since these flags alter behavior, it's possible that heap size selection will be different once this change is integrated.
    • Interface Kind:
      add/remove/modify command line option
    • Scope:



      Update and improve the relationship between the MaxRAM, corresponding Fractional and Percentage RAM options and the UseCompressedOops flag.


      A few bugs have been filed recently by users due to the confusing relationship between the Hotspot VM options that are provided to override the default ergonomic behavior that configures the Java Heap size.

      The flags impacted are:

      There are two major problems with the current behavior.

      1. A user that wishes to specify that the Java Heap size will be configured to be a percentage of the available OS memory cannot guarantee that this will be accomplished with the -XX:MaxRAMPercentage flag. This is due to the fact that the percentage is based on the MaxRAM flag and not physical memory. In a system with memory greater than MaxRAM, setting MaxRAMPercentage only allows the heap to be that percentage of MaxRAM.

      2. Assuming we solve problem 1, the selected heap size is further limited by the compress oops memory limit (approx 32GB) without any warning or error.


      The solution is to provide higher priority to user specified options than ergonomic settings. If a user specifies any of the flag options below, then the percentage or fraction will be based on the hosts available memory and not MaxRAM. The only case where MaxRAM will be used is if the user ALSO specifies the MaxRAM option.


      Also, If any of these flags including MaxRAM are specified on the command line, the selected Java heap size will not be limited by the compressed oop limit.

      These changes will be documented in the JDK13 release notes. There is also an existing Jira issue (https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8186984) to add and impove the VM documentation related to these VM options.


           void Arguments::set_heap_size() {
      -  julong phys_mem =
      -    FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAM) ? MIN2(os::physical_memory(), (julong)MaxRAM)
      -                            : (julong)MaxRAM;
      +  julong phys_mem;
      +  // If the user specified one of these options, they
      +  // want specific memory sizing so do not limit memory
      +  // based on compressed oops addressability.
      +  // Also, memory limits will be calculated based on
      +  // available os physical memory, not our MaxRAM limit,
      +  // unless MaxRAM is also specified.
      +  bool override_coop_limit = (!FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAMPercentage) ||
      +                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAMFraction) ||
      +                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MinRAMPercentage) ||
      +                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MinRAMFraction) ||
      +                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(InitialRAMPercentage) ||
      +                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(InitialRAMFraction) ||
      +                           !FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAM));
      +  if (override_coop_limit) {
      +    if (FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAM)) {
      +      phys_mem = os::physical_memory();
      +      FLAG_SET_ERGO(MaxRAM, (uint64_t)phys_mem);
      +    } else {
      +      phys_mem = (julong)MaxRAM;
      +    }
      +  } else {
      +    phys_mem = FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAM) ? MIN2(os::physical_memory(), (julong)MaxRAM)
      +                                       : (julong)MaxRAM;
      +  }
         // Convert deprecated flags
         if (FLAG_IS_DEFAULT(MaxRAMPercentage) &&
      @@ -1780,7 +1804,19 @@
               // but it should be not less than default MaxHeapSize.
               max_coop_heap -= HeapBaseMinAddress;
      -      reasonable_max = MIN2(reasonable_max, max_coop_heap);
      +      // If user specified flags prioritizing os physical
      +      // memory limits, then disable compressed oops if
      +      // limits exceed max_coop_heap and UseCompressedOops
      +      // was not specified.
      +      if (reasonable_max > max_coop_heap) {
      +        if (FLAG_IS_ERGO(UseCompressedOops) && override_coop_limit) {
      +          FLAG_SET_ERGO(UseCompressedOops, false);
      +          FLAG_SET_ERGO(UseCompressedClassPointers, false);
      +        } else {
      +          reasonable_max = MIN2(reasonable_max, max_coop_heap);
      +        }
      +      }
           reasonable_max = limit_by_allocatable_memory(reasonable_max);


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              • Assignee:
                bobv Bob Vandette
                webbuggrp Webbug Group
                Reviewed By:
                David Holmes
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                • Created: