# Add a parallel multiply method to BigInteger

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#### Details

• Type: Enhancement
• Status: In Progress
• Priority: P4
• Resolution: Unresolved
• Affects Version/s: 18
• Fix Version/s:
• Component/s:
• Labels:
• Subcomponent:
• Understanding:
• CPU:
generic
• OS:
generic

#### Description

A DESCRIPTION OF THE PROBLEM :
BigInteger currently uses three different algorithms for multiply. The simple quadratic algorithm, then the slightly better Karatsuba if we exceed a bit count and then Toom Cook 3 once we go into the several thousands of bits. Since Toom Cook 3 is a recursive algorithm, it is trivial to parallelize it. I have demonstrated this several times in conference talks. In order to be consistent with other classes such as Arrays and Collection, I have added a parallelMultiply() method. Internally we have added a parameter to the private multiply method to indicate whether the calculation should be done in parallel.

The performance improvements are as should be expected. Fibonacci of 100 million (using a single-threaded Dijkstra's sum of squares version) completes in 9.2 seconds with the parallelMultiply() vs 25.3 seconds with the sequential multiply() method. This is on my 1-8-2 laptop. The final multiplications are with very large numbers, which then benefit from the parallelization of Toom-Cook 3. Fibonacci 100 million is a 347084 bit number.

We have also parallelized the private square() method. Internally, the square() method defaults to be sequential.

```
Benchmark (n) Mode Cnt Score Error Units
BigIntegerParallelMultiply.multiply 1000000 ss 4 68,043 ± 25,317 ms/op
BigIntegerParallelMultiply.multiply 10000000 ss 4 1073,095 ± 125,296 ms/op
BigIntegerParallelMultiply.multiply 100000000 ss 4 25317,535 ± 5806,205 ms/op
BigIntegerParallelMultiply.parallelMultiply 1000000 ss 4 56,552 ± 22,368 ms/op
BigIntegerParallelMultiply.parallelMultiply 10000000 ss 4 536,193 ± 37,393 ms/op
BigIntegerParallelMultiply.parallelMultiply 100000000 ss 4 9274,657 ± 826,197 ms/op

```

[Updated] PR is here: https://github.com/openjdk/jdk/pull/6409

#### People

Assignee:
Paul Sandoz
Reporter:
Webbug Group